Single Crystal Quartz Substrates for Research/Production

university wafer substrates

Single Crystal Quartz Inventory

Below are some of the specs in stock.

AT-Cut Single Crystal Quartz

ST-Cut Single Crystal Quartz

X-Cut Single Crystal Quartz

Y-Cut Single Crystal Quartz

Z-Cut Single Crystal Quartz

Seedless Single Crystal Quartz

Seeded Single Crystal Quartz


Get Your Single Crystal Quartz Wafers FAST!

Single Crystal Quartz Diffraction Experiments

Researchers have used the following thin and seedless single crystal quartz spec as samples for single crystal diffraction experiments.

Quartz Item #3064
50.8mm Z-cut 50um DSP Seedless

Monitor Quartz Crystal Wafers

UniversityWafer, Inc. and our partners research into monitor quartz crystal characteristics results in ongoing improvements to offer
the highest reliability in your process. We recommend gold crystals for most applications. They have low contact resistance, high chemical stability. The gold electrodes crystals are best suited for low stress material coating monitoring, Such as gold, silver, copper film thickness control. Silver crystals will provide superior performance in processes with high heat loads, such as sputtering. They may also improve the deposition of oxides. Alloy crystals are recommended for optical coating with dielectric materials and for semiconductor processes with high-stress materials, Such as SiO, SiO2, MgF2, TiO2 and so on.

Quartz for Single Crystal Diffraction Experiments

The following thin z-cut single crystal quartz have been used by scientists for their diffraction research.

Quartz Item #3064
50.8mm Z-cut 50um DSP Seedless, Minimum

Researchers use the Quartz Wafers as achuck for deep RIE process.

Could you ask the plant if they have any similar requests before?

The Story of Single Crystal Quartz

Billions of people use quartz every day, but few realize that the tiny crystal they use is hidden within it, even though it has captured people's imagination for centuries. Quartz crystal resonators, often referred to as "crystals," are often used in frequency control applications due to their unique properties. Compared to other single crystal materials such as tuning forks, piezoelectric ceramics or resonators based on another "single crystal material," quartz resonances have a unique combination of properties in terms of both their properties and their use in a wide range of applications. [Sources: 0, 6]

Accordingly, the ability to grow and produce a single quartz crystal is an object of this invention. The invention also aims to provide a method for providing the required crystal seed material for cultivation and the resulting single crystal quartz production. The ability to use quartz as a means of cultivation, harvesting, processing and production of single crystals, which results in its use in frequency control applications and in the production of a wide range of other applications, is also the subject of this invention. [Sources: 3]

If the protein is crystallized using the conventional method of hanging drops, it should be able to crystallize without significant changes to the crystallization protocol. However, if the crystal is grown to produce a single crystal of a certain type of protein (e.g. a protein), it is preferable to allow it to grow more fully, as the crystals in Fig. If the proteins crystallize using a conventional "hanging drop" method, they should not be used. [Sources: 3, 5]

In addition to single crystal quartz, single crystals of silicon and sapphire can also be used to form a crystallization device. The advantage of single crystal quartz chips is that the material feels like glass and is reusable. In addition, an intact single crystal quartz serves as a very good steam barrier due to its high surface area and low vapour pressure. [Sources: 5]

On the other hand, imperfect single crystals in nature can reach enormous sizes, which are known to have formed crystals of several meters. Lemurian seed crystals are usually clear quartz and can also be gold healers, like the one pictured above. There is also a kind of rainbow quartz, as the crystals contain rainbows. [Sources: 1, 7]

Seer stones can be embedded with quartz crystals whose flat surface has been polished so that you can look into the depth of the crystal. Phantom quartz crystals are also called ghost crystals or shadow crystals, as the crystals have the ghost form embodied in them. [Sources: 7]

The vertical zero axis is shifted upwards to indicate the scattering curve of a single quartz crystal. If you do not need a quartz configuration, a trigger crystal can accentuate the energy in the crystal. This crystal has triggers strong enough to increase the amazing energy of the individual quartz crystal in its crystal plate. The shunt capacity is there because there are no crystals on the plate, but the crystals have triggers, which is powerful and stimulating. [Sources: 5, 6, 7]

This makes the top single crystal quartz one of the most sought-after bestsellers over time. Since most sellers offer free shipping, I think you will agree that you will get a single crystal quartz online at a good price. [Sources: 2]

First of all, the material properties of single crystal quartz are the same as those shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 of single crystal quartz. You can compare its diffraction with the scattering patterns of other devices and materials as shown on the FIGS. [Sources: 4, 5, 6]

If you are on a quartz chip, you can use diffraction patterns from other components and materials to avoid diffraction as much as possible. When I received a crystal a few years ago, it was not a perfectly clear quartz crystal, but when I clogged it, I had to lead the material, and this was one of my first crystals I bought. [Sources: 5, 7]

A single crystal on a quartz chip [31] is the result of two parallel surfaces, which are preferably perpendicular to the z-axis of the quartz crystal. A protein crystal is a crystal with a growth period of days or weeks, and it is formed by the chemical and physical interaction between the surface of the crystal and the surface of another crystal, such as a silicon chip. There is little or no crystal growth on the face, which forms a chemical or physical environment that is successfully used for the cultivation of quartz crystals. I immediately covered the first chip (# 51), which contains protein crystals, but they are crystals - growth periods from one day to one week. [Sources: 3, 5]

The protein crystals are sandwiched in a "chip sandwich" between the silicon chip and the surface of the quartz crystal on the other side of the chip. [Sources: 5]

The single crystal quartz chip replaces the frequently used glass coating by hanging one of several drops of protein solution from a well or crystallization reservoir solution. A quartz chip (51) with protein solutions in its well (52) can be used as cover lipids for vapor diffusion and crystallization structures and as cover lip for liquid diffusion. [Sources: 5]











Quartz Windows for Cryochamber

A scientist asked us which single crystal quartz spec would work as a window for cryochamber?

I have question about your introduced product. Iis it transparency window? We will use windows for cryochamber. Iif this is ok please send estimate sheet for z-cur quartz (diameter =70 mm, thickness = 4 mm).

UniversityWafer, Inc. Quoted

Item Dia Ori Thck Pol Brand /Grade SEED Top side Ra Backside Ra
256845 70.0+/-0.2mm Z-cut 4+/-0.02mm DSP SAW seedless <1nm <1nm

Quartz Wafer Bonding Service for Pressure Sensors

Researcher: We have 3 quartz crystals that we want to bond together using glass frit. We can send you assembly drawings. Please contact us if you are interested.

boding quartz single crytals


We did arranged a special meeting for discussing this case,
and came out some questions need your further explaining:

  1. As we shall cohere those three together by special glass grit, so the question is what type glass grit ? is it UV-curing adhesive or others?
  2. Based on our experience, the operating temperature for gold plating is more than 300centigrade, while normal adhesive is only can endure 100, so, is it possible to gold plating first at your end ,then we do cohere only.
  3. It is possible, you could ship us one set (three ones) for us testing, than we can evaluating the fesability and cost accordingly.

Meanwhile, we have devoted in single quartz wafers making and plating for more than 20years, we believe we can make all the parts depending on your specs in detail.

Please see my comments in red,


As we shall cohere those three together by special glass grit, so the question is what type glass grit ? is it UV-curing adhesive or others?


Devitrifying Glass Frit, the firing/melting temperature of the glass frit is 450-460 DegC. The operating temperature of the crystals are 200 DegC. The crystals will also be subject to very high pressure.


2.based on our experience, the operating temperature for gold plating is more than 300centigrade, while normal adhesive is only can endure 100,so, is it possible to gold plating first at your end ,then we do cohere only.


The Deposition needs to be done after assembly for electrical connection (shorting) between the 3 parts.


Is it possible, you could ship us one set (three ones) for us testing, than we can evaluating the fesability and cost accordingly.


Yes, we have the crystals on order, we expect them in 8 weeks. We will send a sample to you once we have them.

More so, during assembly the cavities of the assembly needs to be air vacuumed and back filled with helium at atmospheric pressure.

We can surely make the crystals with you, however let us check on the bonding for now.

The Quote:

first, please see the quotation as below and all are based on ex-work term and the leadtime is 4weeks after p/o:
sets q'ty break 25  100 
quartz crystal-center $ $ $
quartz crystal-cap(two sides) $ $ $
assembling cost $ $ $
gold coating after assembling $ $ $
A price1(we provide all) $ $ $
B price2(assembling and out gold coating ) $ $ $

I'd like to share you our design as followsfor your refer:

  1. Quartz crystal-center: AT-cut 35°17'/7220±3kHz 3rd overtone / Dia:14.6mm / Bi-convex shape and Gold plated
  2. Quartz crystal-cap (two sides): please refer to attached spec sheet (0709) which is a bit different from your spec, of cause we can tailor made per your specs with same price if you could show us all designs in detail in addition, there are two other things need to be explained to you:


    1. The assembling cost including all the glass grit and plates and all special jig fee;

    2. For the out gold coating: as one coating running is 80 sets. so, you see the cost of 3sets is same as 25sets and 80 sets.

We do have had experience on making such similar pressure sensors ,so we can promise the quality.

Single Crystal Quartz Wafers

Buy as few as one wafer!

All single crystal quartz should be grown from one special seed.
And the different cut type will cause the different seed location.
One type is inside the wafer names "with seed", the other type is not inside the wafers, so names "seedless".


1.AT & BT & SC etc such orientations are for many frequency control application which will be used for many electronic and space application, such as mobile phone and satellite etc 2.Z cut is for some optical application, such as some windows and lens etc. meanwhile,  general speaking, the polishing designations are for reducing the electronic resistance or enlarging the optical transmittance.

Seeded and Seedless Quartz Single quartz crystal is grown from one special seed and then is divided into three zones, x/y & z zones.

Seedless means the wafers are in the pure x /y or z zone.

Item Dia Ori Thk Pol Specs
1153 50.8mm Z-Cut 100μm DSP Thin
566 76.2mm ST-Cut 350μm SSP Ang:42°45' Seeded (WITH-SEED)
547 100mm ST-Cut 350μm SSP Seeded Angle42°45'±15', With-Seed. ST cut.
2298 100mm Z-Cut 500um DSP Z-Cut Seedless Wafer


quartz single crystal wafers

150mm (6 Inch) Single Crystal Quartz

We have the following large diameter quartz crystal wafers available. All the wafers below have one primary SEMI-Std flat.

Dia Ori Thickness Pol Brand /Grade SEED TTV Top side Ra Backside Ra S/D
150 +/-0.3mm ST-Cut 500+/-20um DSP SAW withseed <10um <1.2nm <1.2nm 60/40
150 +/-0.3mm AT-Cut 500+/-20um DSP SAW withseed <10um <1.2nm <1.2nm 60/40
150 +/-0.3mm Z-CUT 500+/-20um DSP SAW seedless <10um <1nm <1nm 60/40
150 +/-0.3mm 42.75 ST-cut 500+/-20um SSP SAW withseed <10um <1nm GC#1000 60/40

Our R&D is active at developing and researching from big material to process 8” quartz wafer or more.

Quartz Product Parameters

quartz single crystals

Material Quartz Crystal
Cutting Angle X/Y/Z/AT32、33、36/BT/ST42.75°-cut etc
Diameter/size 3”(76.2mm) 4” (100mm) 6"(150mm) 8"(200mm)
Tol(±) <0.20 mm
ThinnestThickness 0.08mm  Min 0.10mm  Min 0.20mm Min   0.35mm or more
Primary Flat 22mm  32mm  42.5mm  57.5mm
LTV (5mmx5mm)  <1µm
TTV  <3µm
Bow -30<bow<30
Warp <40µm
PLTV(<0.5um) ≥95%(5mm*5mm)
Orientation Flat All available
Surface Type Single Side Polished /Double Sides Polished
Polished side Ra <0.5nm
Back Side Criteria General is 0.2-0.5µm or as customized
Edge Criteria R=0.2mm or Bullnose
Material Property ECD Better than grade 4
Inclusion Better than grade II
Q-Value Better than grade C
Wafer Surface Criteria Particles ¢>0.3 µ  m <= 30
Scratch , Chipping None
Defect No edge cracks, scratches, saw marks, stains
Packaging Qty/Wafer box 25pcs per box 

Quartz Cut Definitions

Cut Frequency range Mode Angles
AT 0.5–300 MHz thickness shear (c-mode, slow quasi-shear) 35°15', 0° (<25 MHz)
35°18', 0°(>10 MHz)
The most common cut, developed in 1934. The plate contains the crystal's x axis and is inclined by 35°15' from the z (optic) axis. The frequency-temperature curve is a sine-shaped curve with inflection point at around 25–35 °C. Has frequency constant 1.661 MHz⋅mm.[48] Most (estimated over 90%) of all crystals are this variant. Used for oscillators operating in wider temperature range, for range of 0.5 to 200 MHz; also used in oven-controlled oscillators.[49] Sensitive to mechanical stresses, whether caused by external forces or by temperature gradients. Thickness-shear crystals typically operate in fundamental mode at 1–30 MHz, 3rd overtone at 30–90 MHz, and 5th overtone at 90–150 MHz;[50] according to other source they can be made for fundamental mode operation up to 300 MHz, though that mode is usually used only to 100 MHz[51] and according to yet another source the upper limit for fundamental frequency of the AT cut is limited to 40 MHz for small diameter blanks.[48] Can be manufactured either as a conventional round disk, or as a strip resonator; the latter allows much smaller size. The thickness of the quartz blank is about (1.661 mm)/(frequency in MHz), with the frequency somewhat shifted by further processing.[52] The third overtone is about 3 times the fundamental frequency; the overtones are higher than the equivalent multiple of the fundamental frequency by about 25 kHz per overtone. Crystals designed for operating in overtone modes have to be specially processed for plane parallelism and surface finish for the best performance at a given overtone frequency.[44]
SC 0.5–200 MHz thickness shear 35°15', 21°54'
A special cut (Stress Compensated) developed in 1974, is a double-rotated cut (35°15' and 21°54') for oven-stabilized oscillators with low phase noise and good aging characteristics. Less sensitive to mechanical stresses. Has faster warm-up speed, higher Q, better close-in phase noise, less sensitivity to spatial orientation against the vector of gravity, and less sensitivity to vibrations.[53] Its frequency constant is 1.797 MHz⋅mm. Coupled modes are worse than the AT cut, resistance tends to be higher; much more care is required to convert between overtones. Operates at the same frequencies as the AT cut. The frequency-temperature curve is a third order downward parabola with inflection point at 95 °C and much lower temperature sensitivity than the AT cut. Suitable for OCXOs in e.g. space and GPS systems. Less available than AT cut, more difficult to manufacture; the order-of-magnitude improvement of parameters is traded for an order of magnitude tighter crystal orientation tolerances.[54]Aging characteristics are 2 to 3 times better than of the AT cuts. Less sensitive to drive levels. Far fewer activity dips. Less sensitive to plate geometry. Requires an oven, does not operate well at ambient temperatures as the frequency rapidly falls off at lower temperatures. Has several times lower motional capacitance than the corresponding AT cut, reducing the possibility to adjust the crystal frequency by attached capacitor; this restricts usage in conventional TCXO and VCXO devices, and other applications where the frequency of the crystal has to be adjustable.[55][56] The temperature coefficients for the fundamental frequency is different than for its third overtone; when the crystal is driven to operate on both frequencies simultaneously, the resulting beat frequency can be used for temperature sensing in e.g. microcomputer-compensated crystal oscillators. Sensitive to electric fields. Sensitive to air damping, to obtain optimum Q it has to be packaged in vacuum.[39] Temperature coefficient for b-mode is −25 ppm/°C, for dual mode 80 to over 100 ppm/°C.[57]
BT 0.5–200 MHz thickness shear (b-mode, fast quasi-shear) −49°8', 0°
A special cut, similar to AT cut, except the plate is cut at 49° from the z axis. Operates in thickness shear mode, in b-mode (fast quasi-shear). It has well known and repeatable characteristics.[58] Has frequency constant 2.536 MHz⋅mm. Has poorer temperature characteristics than the AT cut. Due to the higher frequency constant, can be used for crystals with higher frequencies than the AT cut, up to over 50 MHz.[48]
IT   thickness shear  
A special cut, is a double-rotated cut with improved characteristics for oven-stabilized oscillators. Operates in thickness shear mode. The frequency-temperature curve is a third order downward parabola with inflection point at 78 °C. Rarely used. Has similar performance and properties to the SC cut, more suitable for higher temperatures.
FC   thickness shear  
A special cut, a double-rotated cut with improved characteristics for oven-stabilized oscillators. Operates in thickness shear mode. The frequency-temperature curve is a third order downward parabola with inflection point at 52 °C. Rarely used. Employed in oven-controlled oscillators; the oven can be set to lower temperature than for the AT/IT/SC cuts, to the beginning of the flat part of the temperature-frequency curve (which is also broader than of the other cuts); when the ambient temperature reaches this region, the oven switches off and the crystal operates at the ambient temperature, while maintaining reasonable accuracy. This cut therefore combines the power saving feature of allowing relatively low oven temperature with reasonable stability at higher ambient temperatures.[59]
AK   thickness shear  
a double rotated cut with better temperature-frequency characteristics than AT and BT cuts and with higher tolerance to crystallographic orientation than the AT, BT, and SC cuts (by factor 50 against a standard AT cut, according to calculations). Operates in thickness-shear mode.[54]
CT 300–900 kHz face shear 38°, 0°
The frequency-temperature curve is a downward parabola.
DT 75–800 kHz face shear −52°, 0°
Similar to CT cut. The frequency-temperature curve is a downward parabola. The temperature coefficient is lower than the CT cut; where the frequency range permits, DT is preferred over CT.[48]
SL   face-shear −57°, 0°
GT 0.1–3 MHz width-extensional 51°7'
Its temperature coefficient between −25..+75 °C is near-zero, due to cancelling effect between two modes.[48]
E,5°X 50–250 kHz longitudal  
Has reasonably low temperature coefficient, widely used for low-frequency crystal filters.[48]
MT 40–200 kHz longitudal  
ET     66°30'
FT     −57°
NT 8–130 kHz length-width flexure (bending)  
XY,tuning fork 3–85 kHz length-width flexure  
The dominant low-frequency crystal, as it is smaller than other low-frequency cuts, less expensive, has low impedance and low Co/C1 ratio. The chief application is the 32.768 kHz RTC crystal. Its second overtone is about six times the fundamental frequency.[44]
H 8–130 kHz length-width flexure  
Used extensively for wideband filters. The temperature coefficient is linear.
J 1–12 kHz length-thickness flexure  
J cut is made of two quartz plates bonded together, selected to produce out of phase motion for a given electrical field.
A double rotated cut.
A double rotated cut.
A double rotated cut.
X 30°      
A double rotated cut.
LC   thickness shear 11.17°/9.39°
A double rotated cut ("Linear Coefficient") with a linear temperature-frequency response; can be used as a sensor in crystal thermometers.[60] Temperature coefficient is 35.4 ppm/°C.[57]
AC     31°
Temperature-sensitive, can be used as a sensor. Single mode with steep frequency-temperature characteristics.[61]Temperature coefficient is 20 ppm/°C.[57]
BC     −60°
Temperature-sensitive.[61] Temperature coefficient is about 14 ppm/°C.[57]
Temperature-sensitive, can be used as a sensor. Single mode with steep frequency-temperature characteristics.[61]The plane of the plate is perpendicular to the Y axis of the crystal.[62] Also called parallel or 30-degree. Temperature coefficient is about 90 ppm/°C.[57]
Used in one of the first crystal oscillators in 1921 by W.G. Cady, and as a 50 kHz oscillator in the first crystal clock by Horton and Marrison in 1927.[63] The plane of the plate is perpendicular to the X axis of the crystal. Also called perpendicular, normal, Curie, zero-angle, or ultrasonic.[64]

What Quartz Wafers Should Be Used in QCM-D Sensors?

A research scientist asked the following:

I am interested in purchasing OEM gold electrode QCM-D sensors (AT cut and 14 mm dia) to be used in QSense system. I appreciate knowing their availability and also if these sensors are available with nylon, polypropylene, SiO2, etc. Since I plan on using your crystals in QSense QCM-D, I like to compare your crystals with QSense gold sensors. Therefore, I prefer to start with 10 crystals to begin with. I appreciate if you can send me 10 crystals (5 MHz, 13.97 mm and Au).

UniversityWafer, Inc Quoted:

I quoted price as below with Gold 6M QCM crystal. If you need another spec please feel free to let me know.

Client Freq Contour Diameter type 
U01 5M Plano-Convex    13.97mm Gold 

QCM is an acoustical transducer that converts mass changes on the surface of an oscillating quartz crystal resonator into an electronic signal. It has been widely used in such areas as vapor deposition of metals, and over the last decade it has become more widely used in biosensor applications.

qcm acoustical transducer

Basic Materials Characteristics
Density, g/cm3 2.65
Melting point, Deg C 1467
Thermal Conductivity, W/(m x K) (T=25 Deg C) 10.7 (parallel to axis Z) 6.2 (perpendicular to axis Z)
Hardness (Mohs) 7
Dielectric constant at 30 MHz 4.34 (parallel to axis Z) 4.27 (perpendicular to axis Z)
Young's modulus €, Gpa 97.2 (parallel to axis Z) 76.5 (perpendicular to axis Z)
Chemical Stability insoluble in water


Product specification List: Bevel plano-plano/Plano-convex/Bi-convex

  1. Frequency: 5.000 MHZ & 6.000 MHZ
  2. Adjustment Tolerance +/- 7Khz
  3. Materials: Top grade pure-Z bar
  4. Cutting Angle: typical AT-cut (35 deg15'+/-2') or double rotated SC/IT cut
  5. Resonance Resistance: <15 ohm-cm
  6. Shunt Capacitance: <7pF
  7. Oscillation Mode: Fundamental Mode
  8. Operating Temperature: 0C deg ~+70 deg C
  9. Storage Temperature: -40C deg ~+105 deg C
  10. Typical Diameter: 13.97mm+/-0.03mm/12.42mm+/-0.03mmm
  11. Electrode Material: Gold, Silver, Alloy
  12. Applications - Semiconductor sputter coating machine- Optical coating machine

Y-Cut Quartz Substrates

A researcher requested the following quote:

I would like to order only one quantity of y-cut quartz with a rotation mount: 10mm x 10 mm x 0.02 mm.

Y-Cut quartz with rotation mount: 10mm x 10 mm x 0.02 mm

y-cut single crystal quartz diagram